Oregon Democratic lawmakers reach tentative deal to address drug addiction crisis

Democratic lawmakers said Wednesday they have reached a tentative deal to create a new type of misdemeanor that would give defendants no jail time for drug possession and another chance to enter treatment programs.

The charge, hammered out near the mid-point of the 35-day session, will be folded into House Bill 4002, the vehicle lawmakers are using this session to address the fentanyl-fueled drug overdose and addiction crisis. Its purpose would be to give people found with small quantities of drugs ample chances to enter treatment and recovery rather than jail. 

“You’re going to see, when all this stuff settles, that we have lived up to the promise that we said we were going to do at the very beginning, which is we are going to have a robust housing package,” Senate Majority Leader Kate Lieber, D-Beaverton, said in an interview with the Capital Chronicle. “And we are going to put a robust package together to try to solve the addiction crisis, and you’re going to see that those two packages are working, aligned and robust.”

The unclassified misdemeanor would carry potential jail time of up to 30 days for probation violations or up to 180 days when a defendant’s probation is revoked. But they could get an early release from jail if they entered inpatient or outpatient treatment.

Suspects caught with illegal drugs for their own use would be offered a chance to enter a “deflection” program, to avoid jail and a record, and those charged with drug possession would also be offered a chance to enter a diversion program to get treated and have their case expunged. Drug dealers convicted of delivering a controlled substance within 30 feet of a park would face a higher sentence. 

The proposal would give counties the option to build their own deflection programs instead of making them mandatory statewide. That flexibility would help garner community support, said Leiber, also co-chair of the joint addiction committee that’s behind HB 4002. 

The misdemeanor charge would become effective Sept. 1, giving counties time to set up their programs and to educate the public.

The bill still includes other measures to combat addiction, including expanding treatment options and the time for welfare holds from 48 hours to 72 hours because fentanyl stays in a person’s system for longer than other drugs. 

In its original version, HB 4002 called for a class C misdemeanor, which carries up to 30 days in jail. Republicans and addiction treatment advocates had widely criticized that for different reasons. 

Republican lawmakers said it didn’t go far enough and called for a class A misdemeanor, which carries up to a year in jail. A coalition of Oregon cities and law enforcement groups also raised concerns about the potential ineffectiveness of deflection programs.

Advocates for treatment have said the original low-level misdemeanor would be unfair to users because it would recriminalize possession. Democratic lawmakers said they worked to address those concerns by limiting the jail time. The new misdemeanor would have no fines or court fees, another key difference from others.

Besides creating the misdemeanor, the proposal would put money into behavioral health workforce programs, recovery housing to keep people off the streets and residential programs and facilities. Counties would also be eligible for funding to start deflection programs. More than a dozen counties have signaled a desire to do so.

“We as a state are going to partner with those communities to help provide funding and training and support and set up these programs,” said Rep. Jason Kropf, D-Bend and co-chair of the joint addiction committee. 

Lawmakers have yet to figure out how much the proposal would cost. 

Reaction is mixed among advocates, Republicans

As details trickled out Wednesday, reaction varied.

Recovery advocates expressed disappointment and warned that it would reverse progress that followed Measure 110, the voter-backed law that decriminalized possession of small amounts of drugs and put a share of cannabis revenue toward addiction services and programs. Advocates warned the changes would disproportionately harm communities of color.

“Time and time again, the lived experiences of people who would be most harmed by criminalization was ignored,” Oregonians for Safety and Recovery, a coalition that includes the ACLU of Oregon, Drug Policy Alliance and Health Justice  Recovery Alliance, said in a statement. “Time and time again, the evidence that recriminalization of addiction is a failure has been ignored.”

Rep. Kevin Mannix, R-Salem, said he’s not seen the proposal yet. Mannix, a committee member, is sponsoring an alternative proposal that would create a misdemeanor with requirements for care and treatment, customized based on their needs. Jail would be possible, but only to encourage accountability and treatment, he said. 

“My Democratic colleagues are trying really hard to avoid using the word ‘incarceration,’” Mannix said. “I would rather use the word ‘accountability.’”

He said he hopes flexibility in the bill allows counties to create innovative programs. 

Oregon Capital Chronicle is part of States Newsroom, a network of news bureaus supported by grants and a coalition of donors as a 501c(3) public charity. Oregon Capital Chronicle maintains editorial independence. Contact Editor Lynne Terry for questions: [email protected]. Follow Oregon Capital Chronicle on Facebook and Twitter.

STORY TIP OR IDEA? Send an email to Salem Reporter’s news team: [email protected].

Ben Botkin - Oregon Capital Chronicle

Ben Botkin covers justice, health and social services issues for the Oregon Capital Chronicle. He has been a reporter since 2003, when he drove from his Midwest locale to Idaho for his first journalism job. He has written extensively about politics and state agencies in Idaho, Nevada and Oregon. Most recently, he covered health care and the Oregon Legislature for The Lund Report. Botkin has won multiple journalism awards for his investigative and enterprise reporting, including on education, state budgets and criminal justice.