Rep. Karin Power, D-Milwaukie, carries House Bill 2020 on the floor Monday night. (Claire Withycombe/Oregon Capital Bureau)

After months of committee hearings, House Republicans relished their final opportunity to pepper Democrats over their proposed legislation to cap greenhouse gas.

They took to the floor to give grand speeches they can point to when on the campaign trail, but they weren’t able impact a vote.

That was decided well before House Bill 2020 hit the floor, where it passed 36-24.

It’s a significant and penultimate step for the Oregon Legislature.

The bill now moves to the Senate where the vote margin will likely be slimmer, but it’s expected to pass nonetheless.

Rep. Karin Power, D-Milwaukie, carried the bill on the floor and co-chaired the joint committee that created it. She said climate change is the greatest threat of our lifetime, but we still have an opportunity to limit our impact on the environment.

The policy known as cap and trade, if passed, will go into effect in 2021 and join Oregon with California as the only states in the country with an economy-wide carbon pricing program.

The program will heavily regulate emissions in the hopes of forcing industry to find cleaner ways to produce and ship goods.

By charging companies to emit greenhouse gasses, the state will create a revenue stream to fund projects to mitigate the impact of climate change, as well as limit the effect of the program on low-income communities.

However, Republicans do not believe in the mechanisms to soften the blow on low-income and rural Oregonians.

They say cap and trade will destroy Oregon’s business climate – something they say Democrats have had in their crosshairs for years with policies like the clean fuel standard and “coal to clean” legislation aimed at transitioning electric utilities from coal-generated power.

But in the end, the two sides just don’t see eye to eye, and Oregonians have stuffed the Capitol with Democrats.

It was a point made early in floor debate by Rep. Kim Wallan, R-Medford.

Wallan, in speaking from her opponents’ perspective, said it’s the case of the “woke” versus the “rubes.” Both find it incredibly frustrating that the other side can’t see why this policy is either imperative or disastrous.

She’s right in pointing out how deeply partisan the issue is. Democrats first introduced carbon pricing legislation in 2007, yet in 2019 they did not secure a single Republican votes despite 20 committee hearings, many of which stretched well into the evening.

Wallan’s words underscored the entire six-and-a-half-hour floor debate, as Democrats and Republicans took turns giving lengthy speeches, all of which had been brought up in hearings and testimony before.

Through the hours, the once-packed gallery saw about half its seats empty as Republicans worked to draw the debate into the evening, enhanced by parliamentary tricks.

Republicans made five motions to send the bill to various policy committees.

All failed despite creative arguments on why the bill should go to committees that have already adjourned for the session and deal with other issues.

Rep. Christine Drazan, R-Canby, appealed a ruling by Speaker Tina Kotek, D-Portland, finding the bill is not a tax, and therefore need a three-fifths majority.

House Republican Leader Carl Wilson, R-Roseburg, made a motion to suspend the bill indefinitely. None of the motions had a chance of passing, but they did allow for points to be made on the record and for Republicans to hold off a vote for a couple more hours.

However, in the end some Democrats did stray.

Rep. Brad Witt, D-Clatskanie, said HB 2020 “suffers greatly” and is not the answer to climate change.

Rep. Caddy McKeown, D-Coos Bay, also spoke out against it, saying this isn’t the fix to climate change.

It was always known some House Democrats might break away from the pack on this vote, in part because they face rural constituencies that could be more impacted by the bill.

While the bill is deeply partisan, both sides spoke about how they strongly believe their point of view is right for Oregon. Republicans want to protect businesses in their district, while Democrats talked about saving our climate so future generations can live a life that resembles current day.

“I love this state, and I love being an Oregonian,” Power said. “It is for these reasons I believe we need to act and be a beacon of hope for the rest of the country.”

The bill now moves to the Senate where it will get a hearing later this week, where it's unclear how Republicans will protest the bill. Previously, they staged a walkout over a business tax bill.

•  Salem Reporter will continue to cover this landmark and controversial legislation as it moves through the Senate, as we have throughout the session. Below our comprehensive converge in chronological order.

How much wiggle room will polluters get if Oregon taxes carbon emissions?

With cap and trade legislation a primary topic for the 2019 Legislature, groups on both sides of the issue lobby for what concessions should be made for the largest polluters being forced to change their ways.

Long-awaited carbon cap bill is released

The Capitol hummed with interest as people chatted about the bill. Though at nearly 100 pages, few had read the landmark proposal.

For a measure of cap and trade success, look to the northeast

Quebec implemented it's cap and trade system six years ago. In that time, it has dealt with strife, such as other provinces dropping out of the program, but today business and government said it has worked well.

Kids steal the show in Salem public hearing on cap and trade

On Monday, the Joint Committee on Carbon Reduction finished its public hearings on cap and trade legislation in Salem. The committee will now travel to hear what other Oregonians think.

Waste-burning firm spreads money chasing carbon cap exemption for Brooks plant

Covanta Marion, the 20th largest greenhouse gas emitter in Oregon, contributed more than $20,000 in campaign contributions last fall ahead of getting favorable legislation that would spare it from Oregon’s sweeping carbon pricing legislation.

Second version of carbon cap bill gives nod to rural Oregonians, pulls coveted exemptions from industry

Oregon’s cap and trade policy would strictly regulate polluters and transform Oregon’s economy. The proposal’s architects say the new version will be a cleaner, more effective bill.

Youth come out to support cap and trade on Earth Day

Several Oregon youth came to the Capitol on Monday to present Gov. Kate Brown with their petition supporting carbon pricing.

Cap and trade takes significant step toward reality

A landmark carbon pricing proposal moved out of committee on a party-line vote Friday after months of hearings and amendments.

Covanta officials say trash incinerator could close if energy certificate bill fails

Marion County and Covanta have worked extensively behind the scenes to see that Senate Bill 451 makes it through the 2019 Legislature. Both have recently hired lobbyists to press the case.

Questions arise over cap and trade's impact on the State Highway Fund

An analysis released this week found the fund, which pays for road and other transportation projects, could be cut in half over the next 30 years, in part due to cap and trade.

Late amendments being discussed on cap and trade, as the massive proposal hits turbulence

Last week, five Democratic senators became potential no votes on the policy. Democrats can only let two stray from the fold, and have worked over the past week to quell their concerns.

Air horns of protest can’t stall legislative action on climate bill

An environmental plan that will dramatically change industry in Oregon and could drive up gas prices for everyone cleared a key hurdle in Salem Wednesday.

Reporter Aubrey Wieber: aubrey@salemreporter.com or 503-575-1251. Wieber is a reporter for Salem Reporter who works for the Oregon Capital Bureau, a collaboration of EO Media Group, the Pamplin Media Group, and Salem Reporter.

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